Vienna’s electorate had to cast its vote twice at the 2015 elections, for the city council as well as for the city’s 23 district councils.
Strict citizenship laws are weakening democratic participation, especially in cities that are hubs of international migration – such as Vienna.
Vienna has a democratic deficit. Already, 25% of the voting-age population is excluded from participating in citywide and national elections.
Infographic illustrating Vienna’s electorate gap.